Mishkan (Tabernacle)

Mishkan (Tabernacle)

Mishkan (Tabernacle) 

The Mishkan is the first structure that the Jews built to fulfill the commandment: “ועשו לי מקדש ושכנתי בתוכם”- “Make for Me a temple and I will dwell among them” (Shemot 25:8).  Although Shlomo’s (Solomon’s) Beit HaMikdash (Temple) is referred to as “Bayit Rishon” (the First Temple), the Mishkan really was the first version of the Beit HaMikdash- just in a deconstructable, mobile form. The Mishkan, built by the Jews in the desert, was carried by the Levi’im (Levites) from place to place for forty years. Upon entering Eretz Yisrael (the Land of Israel), the Jews could still not yet build a permanent Beit HaMikdash on Har HaMoriah (Mount Moriah) -as they had not yet conquered the land-, they continued to use the Mishkan. The Mishkan was in four different locations in Israel: Gilgal (14 years), Shilo (369 years), Nov (13 years) and Givon (44 years). Once the mishkan was moved to Shilo, it was set up as a permanent structure.

 

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